Húram: Boá. Today I am going to cover interrogatives, as I am still struggling to fine-tune the aspectual system. I apologise for the delays – they’re probably better than a half-cooked mess of aspects. I also apologise for the long posts: each post must have a minimum of 500 words according to my initial parameters, and I’m not going to break those now.


To ask questions, one uses the particle . This can be used in several places: First, like most particles, it can occur postpositively (after the first word in a sentence).

  • Gaí gô ngilla liáwata muténon?
  • Tell-me: INT child-PL fruit-PL eat-PL?
  • Do the children eat fruit?

This should be fairly clear. can also appear sentence finally, as in: Gaí ngilla liáwata muténon gô?

has another function, as well. It can be used after a word to make interrogative pronouns. These are standard, and idiomatic. So: rún gô who, kópa gô where, pó gô what, wosh gô when, daha gô how, in what fashion, and ram gô which. These forms never alternate or change position. Some of the base words you’ve seen before: rún is the 4th person, but can be applied here to anyone not known, and is from poí this, while ram is the word for one. Kópa, wosh, daha are all new words: the first means there, the second time, and the third action, deed, doing. Daha comes from the word dahún to act, go. But let’s see some examples.


  • Rún gô god á bóes?
  • 4th. INT bark the pull-sg.
  • Who pulled the bark?

You’ll see here that the verb agrees with number with the interrogative subject. This is the only way that the number can be noted – and it only works for subject. Context would decide how the listener would understand number if it is not the subject, like in uóvak run gô dharkâresthe shark killed who?


  • Sha brrunéna kópa gô dáodan?
  • nevertheless forest there INT is-DIST
  • Nevertheless, where is the forest?

This should be pretty straightforward. Note the distributive agreement. I seem to have messed up and used dáo as a copula earlier, in the examples where I said it wasn’t one. So, let’s pretend it is, as well. My bad. This one-month blog thing is hard.


  • pó gô mêth fróton?
  • this INT you-unmarked say-PL?
  • What do you say?

Note the colloquial usage of the you, and the plural marking anyway.


  • Rrí wosh gô  mêth chúntés?
  • So time INT you-unmarked dive-SG?
  • So when do you dive?

One generally needs to mark aspect in order to really make this sentence make sense. Currently, it doesn’t – although, if it was a singly occurring action, such as die, it would make sense without aspect or mode marking. However,there is a reading that makes this sentence sensical: when, as in at one point, under what conditions, do you dive? That works.


  • Daha gô ram llama á dámushés?
  • action INT one llama the tie-SG?
  • How does one tie up the llama?

You’ll note that dámushún is used idiomatically – tie the llama up. This is fine. Da’a would not work for a matter of degree – how heavy is it, or how are you: for that, put the adjective for heavy, húf, between daha and gô. This is one of the few possible exceptions to the no-break up rule, but it has a different meaning, so it’s alright.


  • Ram gô híanoéta kyu?
  • one INT goat-male part.gen?
  • Which of the male goat goats?

So, a few things here. First, no verb – this happens occasionally, in phrases. Secondly, the use of –– to make goats masculine – both of the gender suffixes are completely productive for all animate objects, and they go before the plural marker. Finally, kyu is used here to show that this is a partitive genitive construction – which of the goats, where the goats are the thing out of which a selection will be taken. I don’t think that this will be kyus only function.

And I hope that makes sense. Now you should be able to ask questions, such as: pó gô méth dahés? What are you doing? Or even: Rrí, daha méth gô dahés? So, how are you doing?



Since these posts are getting a bit long, I think, I am going to start making separate posts for the day’s vocabulary. That way, I don’t need to keep having ridiculously long posts. Sound good? Those will always be categorised under ‘words’. What do you think? Respond to change, otherwise I’ll just keep doing this.

  • kópa: pn. there
  • shllek: n. ashes
  • kwá: pn. here
  • gô: part. interrogative
  • wosh: n. time
  • daha: n. action
  • daún: v. to act, do
  • ro+: part. no
  • ngo: adj. all
  • tádaï: adj. many
  • yésh: adj. few
  • yéshdaï: adj. some
  • shoh: adj. other
  • beern: adj. thick
  • húf: adj. heavy
  • ngi: adj. small
  • ngela: adj. short
  • ʔití: adj. narrow
  • ngúti: adj. thin
  • ngullí: n. woman
  • llárri: n. human
  • ngill: n. child
  • brrunéna: n. forest
  • ngibrr: n. stick
  • liáwa: n. fruit
  • liá: n. seed
  • god: n. root
  • shug: n. bark
  • kíola: n. flower
  • serth: n. grass
  • wábá: n. father
  • bíwí: n. mother
  • künoé: n. husband
  • küní: n. wife



Well, today I had some fun sitting outside making words. And I think we need these sentences. Expect full blown verbs tomorrow. Most likely. Nothing else to really report. Oh, I seem to be having some weird issues with the formatting through wordpress. No idea why or how to fix it, sadly. Any help would be appreciated.

This entry was posted in Llárriésh. Bookmark the permalink. Post a comment or leave a trackback: Trackback URL.


  1. Posted October 3, 2011 at 8:50 pm | Permalink

    shalom, distinguished blog on blubbery loss. alike helped.

  2. Posted November 28, 2011 at 5:11 pm | Permalink

    Thanks a lot for being my instructor on this issue. We enjoyed your article very much and most of all appreciated how you really handled the aspect I widely known as controversial. You are always very kind to readers really like me and aid me in my existence. Thank you.

  3. Posted December 27, 2011 at 3:25 am | Permalink

    Hi and thanks for making the effort to describe the terminlogy for the newbies!

    • Posted May 7, 2016 at 1:45 pm | Permalink

      Das hängt von der Version der Modem-Firmware ab. Wenn die Modem-Firmware (Baseband) bereits auf die aktuelle Version 02.30.03 aktualisiert wurde, ist ein Knacken des SIM-Lock nicht möglich. Ich würde ohnehin jetzt abwarten. Auf der Enwnecklirkonferetz WWDC in der zweiten Juni-Woche wird Apple vermutlich neue iPhones ankündigen. Dann dürften die Preise der iPhones 3G ohne SIM-Lock (aus Italien etc.) in den Keller fallen.

    • Posted February 24, 2017 at 6:55 pm | Permalink

      That’s a clever answer to a tricky question

  4. Shela Galdamez
    Posted December 31, 2011 at 12:10 pm | Permalink

    You are my inhalation , I own couple of blogs and rarely run out from to post : (.

  5. Posted January 3, 2012 at 2:37 pm | Permalink

    Really informative and wonderful bodily structure of content material material , now that’s user friendly (:.

  6. Posted January 9, 2012 at 4:04 am | Permalink

    I have been examination out some of your stories and i can state pretty nice stuff. I will surely bookmark your blog.

  7. Posted January 10, 2012 at 8:59 am | Permalink

    I’m typically to blogging and i really appreciate your content material regularly. The content has actually peaks my interest. My goal is to bookmark your web blog and keep checking for first time info.

  8. Posted January 14, 2012 at 12:51 pm | Permalink

    yes I agreee Here’s some mildly amuzing stuff I found: Thought for the day? : A long-forgotten loved one will appear soon. Buy the negatives at any price.

  9. Posted April 5, 2012 at 1:17 am | Permalink

    Cheap Yankee Candles…

  10. Posted July 31, 2012 at 8:39 pm | Permalink

    I am not positive where you are getting your info, but good topic. I needs to spend some time studying more or working out more. Thanks for fantastic information I used to be looking for this information for my mission.

    • Posted May 7, 2016 at 1:53 pm | Permalink

      hilary mantel: wölfe, ein hammerbuch auch wenn du hiocsristhe romane blöde findest & a.l. kennedy: alles was du brauchst. ja, alles was du brauchst für ein paar schöne tage!

  11. Posted June 30, 2014 at 11:58 am | Permalink

    Hello there, You have done an incredible job.
    I will certainly digg it and personally recommend to my friends.
    I am confident they’ll be benefited from this site.

  12. Posted July 5, 2014 at 7:01 am | Permalink

    Hello my friend! I wish to say that this post is amazing, nice written and include approximately all significant infos. I’d like to look extra posts like this.

Post a Comment

Your email is never published nor shared. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>